Just how Different Cultures React to Death and Declining

 How Distinct Cultures React to Death and Dying Article

Just how Different Ethnicities React to Fatality and Perishing


This study explores the literature around cultures upon death and dying in order to highlight the effect of culture on reactions to loss of life and the about to die process. A theoretical structure is established, using Elizabeth Kubler-Ross's five phases of dying, followed by a succinct discourse on the reactions and attitudes toward fatality and the declining process of several cultures (Buddhist, Hindu, Indigenous American and American). By simply illustrating the various reactions and attitudes toward death of those cultures, it truly is revealed that through increased ethnical understanding medical care workers can provide more individualized care to the dying.


Fear, Fatality, Burial, Religious beliefs, Buddhists, Hindus, Native Americans, Americans Introduction

According to Kart and Kinney (2001, p. 532), " Death is something which must be experienced by everyone. ” Despite the inevitability and universality of death plus the dying process, different reactions and perceptions of loss of life arise in different cultures, in the conventional Judeo-Christian reaction in American tradition to the opinion in reincarnation in the Hindu culture. Bereavement, grief, and mourning typically accompany the death and dying procedure, but as Terme conseille and Kinney (2001, g. 532) explain, these areas of the process are typically " widely proscribed. ” This discourse on different reactions to loss of life and the about to die process throughout cultures is going to focus on At the Kubler-Ross' five stages of dying which has a comparison of just how different ethnicities (Hindu, Buddhist, Native American and American) react to fatality and about to die. Literature Assessment

Elizabeth Kubler-Ross

Death is one of the few experiences shared by most humankind. In her groundbreaking book, Fatality and Declining, Elizabeth Kubler-Ross begins her book with a discussion of European man's fear of death and dying and by pointing out that this subject is now, for many individuals, a taboo. Kubler-Ross (1969) traces five levels that terminally ill persons experience throughout the process of about to die: Denial (shock), Anger (Emotion), Bargaining, Depression (Preparatory), and Acceptance (Increased self-reliance). Understanding this process was important to Kubler-Ross, in order to relieve anxiety and fear of death both in the dying and the ones left behind. When Kubler-Ross' stage-process focused largely on Traditional western experiences and encompassed a Christian ethos, perceptions of death and dying fluctuate significantly in one culture to the next. Buddhists

While one or more or all of Kubler-Ross' stages may be tightly related to other cultures, many ethnicities view death in a manner that frequently negates the anxiety and fear skilled by many Westerners with respect to loss of life and declining. In taking a look at other nationalities, it becomes evident that the view of the afterlife is often a significant factor in just how people manage death and dying. For instance , in the Buddhist tradition in Asia, Buddhist Lama Priests preside over a three-day vigil of the dead man remains, while good friends and relatives burn petrol, offer sacrifices, and hope with the Vigogne. Unlike the denial and anger knowledgeable about Western fatality, Buddhists trust in holding this kind of a vigil because of their idea that the deceased may go back, " This kind of vigil is important for the Buddhists who believe that after death the soul leaves the earthly body immediately but hovers around that for three days and nights and that at times within this time-frame the soul may decide to reunite with the body causing a case of miraculous resurrection” (Lama, 2004, g. 1). For this reason, the perishing have some hope that loss of life is not really final and experience less anxiety and fear during the process. Hindus

Hindus trust in karma and rebirth. Those who are dying also experience significantly less fear, stress, and anger than Americans, because of their opinion that a life lived well will result in the achievement in the end in the cycle of birth and rebirth –...

References: Barker, D. (1999, Apr). Declining, death, and bereavement within a British Indio community. Anthropology & Medication, 6(1), 160-161.

Kart, C. S., & Kinney, T. M. (2001). The realities of aging: An introduction to gerontology. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bread.

Kearl, Meters. (2004). You never have to die! Looked at on Jun 28, 2006: http://www.trinity.edu/~mkearl/never.html, 1-3.

Kubler-Ross, Electronic. (1969). In death and dying. Nyc, NY: Macmillan.

Lama, T. (2004). Memorial rites from the Hindus as well as the Buddhists. Seen on Jun 28, 2005: http://www.webheading/com/articles /lama. html, 1-4.

Moffett, W. A. (2004). Death as well as the tree of life. Viewed on Jun 28, 2004: http://www.theosophynw.org/theosnw/world/ america/my-moff5. htm, 1-2.

Moller, G. W. (2000). Life's end. Amityville, NYC: Baywood Submitting.

Siegel, M. (2002, Aug 19). Very long live the king. Period, 160(8), 56-57.

Turner-Weeden, L. (1995). Loss of life and perishing from a Native American perspective. The hospice Journal, 10(2), 11-13.


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