Community Engagement in Forest Management

 Essay in Community Contribution in Forest Management

Community Contribution in Forest Management


Forest continues to be defined as " An area with a high density of trees. These types of plant neighborhoods cover large areas of the world and function since carbon dioxide basins, animal refuge, hydrologic circulation modulators, and soil conservers, constituting one of the important facets of our biosphere ". Jungles are the blockbuster of natural resources, with no which the extremely sustenance of human population would be under threat. Yet woodlands have been the first in line to bear the brunt of civilization. Developing human population has consistently set pressure for the forest cover.

Out of the total geographic part of 328. 73 million acres of the region, the area under forest cover is reported to be 69. 02 , 000, 000 hectare [22. 9% of the total area]#@@#@!!. Of which, regarding 41% can be estimated to obtain already been degraded. Many of the degraded forests are the habitat of some of the weakest of the poor in the country. The proportion of this population living below low income line is usually significantly higher than the national average [e. g. 69% in south Orissa and 44% in Chhattisgarh]. These forest dwellers, surviving in the forest fringe areas, are heavily dependent on forests for their sustenance and thus are at conflict while using interests of forests conservation.

Existing Insurance plan Framework

Government of India has set itself a great ambitious goal of obtaining 33% forest and woods cover by year 2012. This objective cannot be obtained without effective cooperation and participation of forest reliant communities. That community engagement is important to get sustainable forest development was recognized for the first time by the Nationwide Forest Policy, 1988, which in turn called for " Creating a large people's activity with the involvement of women В…В…. to minimize pressure on existing forests. " This change in plan stance to forest dependent communities was institutionalized by Joint Forest Management (JFM) Resolution from the Ministry of Environment & Forests in 1990. Additional guidelines on JFM have been completely issued by Ministry in the year 2000. This kind of policy stance has been reiterated in the Fresh Environment Coverage of 06\.

Status of JFM & Concerns

As a result of this emphasis placed by Government in community engagement, over 83000 Forest Safety Committees are operational in different parts of the country, managing over seventeen million acres of forest area. The chart listed below shows condition wise status of JFM. The area beneath JFM can be normalized with respect to state forest area. Data bank:

It can be seen that states have reached varying level of progress. Practically 70% of the states include less than twenty percent of their forest areas below JFM and almost half have got under 10% coverage. The no . of Forest Safety Committees [Shown for the secondary Con Axis] also varies significantly express to state [This supplies a rough assess as the number would as well depend on the people density].

Separate for the uneven rate of institutionalization, JFM will not be able to completely address the livelihood and poverty problems confronting the point communities. Several are perilously dependent on government funding and possess failed to stir up the desired amount of community engagement.

The legitimacy of JFMCs has also been a hindrance in many states and areas. JFMCs have lacked legal status, as they are designed on the basis of executive orders and resolutions. Generally there have also been instances of direct turmoil with the Panchyati Raj Establishments.

Plan Question

The foregoing discussion brings about the importance and need for community participation in forests development and the linked concerns. The real key question therefore , is " How community participation could be enhanced intended for sustainable forest development? "


The broad targets that the above policy question would try to serve would be as underneath: vEfficiency related

1 . To supply additional causes of...

Bibliography: 1 ) National Forest Policy, 1988, Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Jungles

2 . Fresh Environment Plan, 2006, Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests

three or more. National Forest Commission Record, 2006

4. Rituparna Pandit, " Understanding Community Involvement – Principle & Experiences", Centre to get Civil Culture


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