AP Euro Arts Movements

 Essay about AP Pound Arts Motions

AP EURO FINE ART MOVEMENTS

Review: Page # •Italian Renaissance (1400s-mid1500s)…………. 1-2 •Northern Renaissance (1500s-late1600s)…………3

•Mannerism (Mid-Late 1500s)……………………….. 3-4 •Baroque (1600-1750)…………………………………... 4-5 •Rococo (1700s)……………………………………………. 5-6 •Neoclassicism (1750-1850)……………………….......... six •Romanticism (1800-1850)…………………………........ 7 •Realism (1850-1900)………………………………….... 7-8 •Impressionism (1860-1890)……………………….... 8-9 •Post- Impressionism (1880-1910)…………………... 9 •Expressionism (Early 1900s)………………………9-10 •Fauvism (1900-1910)……………………………………. 10 •Cubism (Early 1900s)…………………………………….. 11 •Futurism (Early 1900s)…………………………….. 11-12 •Dada (1915-1922)…………………………………………. 12 •Surrealism (1910-1920)…………………………………13 •Abstract Expressionism (1900s)………………... 13-14 •Functionalism (Mid 1900s)…………………………….. 14 •Pop Fine art (Mid-to-Late 1900s)……………………... 14-15 •Op Art (Mid-1900s)……………………………………... …15 •Photorealism- (1960s and 70s)……………………. …16

Italian Renaissance: 1400s-mid1500s

Definition/Historical context:

•Transformation of ethnical and intellectual values coming from primarily christian to classical or secular ones •antithesis of Gothic/Romanesque art (dark ages) which was dark, extremely heaven/g-d oriented, things were uglier and lacked depth/perception because the focus was just HEAVEN. •things became more beautiful and pleasant to consider with the use of the: ovantishing point

odepth/perspective

ocontroposto (" s" form of statues like david. Basically a person with his/her foot out and hand about hip) otriangualr configuration

•Artists began to indication their name because they began to get compensated, were entrusted by prosperous families and churches, and so on •this defers from the earlier Gothic artwork where artists did not indication because the concentrate was G-d and fine art was made primaril to indicate the Wonder of G-d. Famous people:

•Artists:

oMassachio

•perspective geometry in the " O Trinity"

oGiotto

oDonatello

•revived free standing sculpture via Classical times with his figurine " David" oLeonardo Davinci--Reinassance man

•Mona Lisa

•Last Supper: Jesus still inside the center

oMichelangelo: best sculpture-er of all time

•Sculptures:

•David

•Pieta

paintings:

•last judgment

•sistine chapel

Raphael:

school of athens

Bruneschelli:

architechture: Dome in Catheral of Florencia

Botticelli

Ghirlandio

Lippi

Literary works:

Boccacio:

decameron

Machiavelli:

the prince

Petrarch:

father of humanism (and sonnets. obvs)

revived classical stuff

Location:

Began in Florence. Transferred throughout Italia when there were all of the strife/treaty of lodi/all that fun stuff in the late 1400s th •rough social diffusion, and so forth

Northern Renaissance: 1500s-late1600

Definition/Historical Context:

•Spread of German Renaissance to non-Italian claims through the creating press. This also merged Christian ideas into the Italian Renaissance fine art. Famous People:

•artists:

oAlbrecht Duhrer:

•Adam and Eve

oHans Holbein

oVan Eyck

•Literature:

oMontaigne (French)

•Essays

oShakespeare

Location:

•Netherlands/Dutch Republic: very prominent here.

oart was depicted kind of like realism... everyday Nederlander people carrying out every day items, depicted while happy onot so much religion, not outrageous

ostill lifestyle

oduring the golden age of Netherlands

•Rembrandt von Rign

•Jan Vermeer

•Flanders

•England

•Germany

Mannerism: Mid to Late 15th century

Definition/ Historical Context:

•A period of artwork that surfaced from the later years of the Italian Renaissance •It was motivated by the renaissance→ but went a step further more •Notable for its intellectual sophistication

•Preferred manufactured qualities more than natural ones

•Favored lack of stability over the balance and quality in the Renaissance •By the conclusion of the Excessive Renaissance, young artists experienced a crisis. It looked like...


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